Mead is a fermented alcoholic beverage made from honey and water, and sometimes with added ingredients such as fruits, spices, grains, or hops.
The alcoholic content ranges from about 3.5% ABV to more than 20%. The defining characteristic of mead is that the majority of the beverage's fermentable sugar is derived from honey. It may be still, carbonated, or naturally sparkling; dry, semi-sweet, or sweet.
Mead is one of the oldest alcoholic beverages known to man, and was first made in ancient times.
It is believed to have been first discovered when honey was accidentally fermented with water. Mead was a popular drink in many ancient cultures, and was often associated with religious rituals and ceremonies.
Today, mead is still enjoyed by many people around the world. It is often served as a dessert wine, or as a refreshing drink on its own. Mead can also be used in cooking, and can be added to dishes such as chicken, fish, and vegetables.
There are many different ways to make mead, and the recipe can vary depending on the desired flavour and alcohol content. The basic ingredients for mead are honey, water, yeast, and a fermentation vessel. The honey can be any type of honey, but some popular choices include clover honey, wildflower honey, and orange blossom honey. The water can be filtered or distilled water, and the yeast can be any type of wine yeast. The fermentation vessel can be a glass jar, a plastic bucket, or a wooden barrel.
Once the ingredients are gathered, the mead is made by combining the honey, water, and yeast in the fermentation vessel. The yeast then ferments the honey, converting the sugars into alcohol and carbon dioxide.
The fermentation process can take anywhere from a few weeks to a few months, depending on the desired alcohol content.
Once the fermentation is complete, the mead is ready to be enjoyed. It can be served chilled, or at room temperature. Mead can also be stored for several years, and will continue to age and develop flavour over time.